Everyone dreams of having clear spotless skin that will make them look youthful and also boost self-confidence. Dark spots or hyperpigmentation occur on the skin when some areas of the skin produce more melanin than usual. Melanin is the pigment that gives the eyes, skin, and hair their color. It is also responsible for the tanning of skin exposed to sunlight.
The color of dark spots may depend on the tone of a person’s skin, ranging from light brown to dark brown. These spots have the same texture as the skin and aren’t painful. These spots generally appear on the face, back, forearms, shoulders, and back of the hands.
Causes of dark spots
Exposure to sunlight is the prime factor for increased Melanin production. It may lead to dark pigmentation or age spots on the skin.
Melasma or dark spots are usually caused by hormonal imbalance. They usually occur on the cheeks, forehead, nose, or above the lips and are generally light brown and patchy. They are common in women who are pregnant or taking oral contraceptives.
When skin is subjected to harsh treatments such as over-exfoliation or waxing, it results in irritation and the formation of dark spots.
They can also be caused due to certain skin inflammation or injuries.
Medicines like non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), psychotropic medications, or tetracyclines can lead to heightened melanin production and results in dark spot formation.
With simple home remedies and treatments, one can diminish the appearance of these dark spots.
Tips for dealing with dark spots on the skin.
It is a wonderful exfoliator and contains fruit acids known as alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs), which is a chemical exfoliant. It will brighten the face and give the skin a youthful gleam. AHAs are generally used for treating dry skin, hyperpigmentation, fine lines on the face, etc.
Lemon juice is extremely rich in Vitamin C that helps to lighten dark spots on the skin. However, applying it directly on the skin may cause some allergic reactions so use it with other mediators such as yogurt or honey
Tomatoes are inherently rich in lycopene that will defend your skin from the sun. They are also a satisfactory source of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants. Tomatoes can make your skin look glowing and clean.
Turmeric is well-known for cooking and its healing properties. It helps to reduce the generation of skin melanin due to the presence of an antioxidant, curcumin, in it. Curcumin has anti-melanogenic effects that help in lightening the dark spots and make your skin crystal clear. Turmeric is an essential ingredient in many of the best-selling skincare products.
Cucumber is an excellent source of antioxidants, vitamins, and silica-rich compounds that helps in reducing the hyperpigmentation on your face.
Aloe Vera is a well-known treatment for skin and hair complaints. It is a naturally derived ingredient known for its soothing and moisturizing properties.
Yogurt is a natural skin-brightening agent. It helps in fading dark spots by exfoliating the skin. The lactic acid present in yogurt improves discoloration and age spots. It also helps to enhance skin tone, and texture and decrease inflammation. You can use yogurt alone or can integrate it with other healing products such as turmeric or oatmeal.
Red Lentils powder is extremely beneficial for dealing with hyperpigmentation on the face. They are full of antioxidants that are perceived to be good for the skin.
Water is wonderful for the skin. It cleanses the body and eliminates ale toxins. Drinking at least eight to ten glasses of water every day will help you in achieving clear, smooth, and glowing skin.
Along with the above-mentioned home remedies, one can also use spot treatments, creams, and serums to reduce the appearance of dark spots.
Many best-selling skin care products offer you so many benefits that you can’t help but splurge on them.
Creams or serums which have Vitamin C and Vitamin E as their main ingredient will prevent your skin from more oxidative damage and block enzymatic processes that create more pigment in the skin.
Skin care products with Hydroxy acids are an effective way of exfoliating dead cells from the surface of the skin to enhance radiance and improve hyperpigmentation.
Various best-selling anti-aging creams contain retinoids, vitamins, and hydroxy acids that help in re-energizing the skin and rejuvenating the skin cells. It also helps in fading hyperpigmentation or dark spots.
The best-selling Anti-aging creams are the only products that your skin requires to become healthy and regain its glow.